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How to Diagnose Male Infertility?

  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), infertility is defined as a disorder of the reproductive system that lessens the body’s ability to perform the essential function of reproduction. Just like female infertility, infertility in men is also a common problem.

    A report suggests that male infertility accounts for 40-50% of all infertile couples. A man is considered infertile if he cannot conceive a child after one year of unprotected intercourse with his female partner.

    If you and your partner struggle to conceive, it's essential to consult with a fertility specialist to determine the cause of your infertility. Infertility can have many causes, including hormonal imbalances, genetic factors, health conditions, and lifestyle choices.

    However, men's leading causes of infertility are low sperm count, abnormal sperm function, and blockages in the reproductive tract.

    Your fertility specialist will conduct a thorough evaluation to identify any potential underlying causes of your infertility.


    Diagnostic Options for Male Infertility

    When diagnosing male infertility, there are a few things that doctors will look for.

    • Semen Analysis

    One of the first things they'll do is semen analysis; this test will help to determine whether or not there are any abnormalities with the sperm. The semen sample is collected and sent to a laboratory to evaluate the number of sperm and look for any abnormalities or malformed sperm and movement (motility) of the sperm.


    • Hormone Analysis

    This measures the levels of certain hormones in the body and can give clues as to whether or not something is wrong with the reproductive system.

    Male reproductive organs such as the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, and testicles are responsible for sperm production. Dysfunctioning in any of these might affect the number of sperm that eventually leads to infertility.


    • Genetic testing

    Genetic abnormalities can cause infertility in men as they can affect sperm production or how the sperm moves. Genetic testing on DNA can help rule out chromosomal abnormalities or identify inherited syndromes.


    • Analysis of the urine

    The test helps in determining the condition of retrograde ejaculation. If there is sperm in your urine, this might indicate that sperms are traveling into the bladder instead of out your penis during ejaculation.


    • Transrectal ultrasound

    The imaging procedure involves a small, lubricated wand inserted into your rectum. It allows doctors to look for blockages in the vas deferens that carry sperm.


    When to Consult a Fertility Specialist?

    If you're having trouble conceiving or have signs of male infertility such as changes in sexual desire, pain, swelling, a lump in the testicle area, and a problem with ejaculation, you need medical intervention. 

    Although there are some things that you can do at home, such as stop smoking or exercising regularly, some men will be required to see a specialist to overcome issues relating to low sperm count.

    After diagnosing the issue, your healthcare provider will recommend fertility solutions based on the severity of the problems and your personal need. The most common treatment of male infertility includes the use of fertility drugs, lifestyle changes, medical surgeries, and assisted reproductive techniques such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) along with Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where male sperm and female egg are combined outside of the body to create an embryo which is placed back in the uterus for implantation.

    Talk to a fertility expert at Crysta IVF to know more about Infertility treatment in Kolkata and how much it costs.

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